Docker Image See in Action
Docker Images are sort of like a zip file that would contain your game binary and assets. It also contains a minimal operating system (~2-10MiB), environment variables, and other contexts.
The intent is that the image is portable between host machines (that can run different host OSes) but the application itself will run the same because all of its dependencies (ex: glibc, DLLs, etc) included without the need for virtualization. Docker Images are stored in Docker Image Repositories and are versioned.
Open Match uses distroless/static:nonroot images that provide just enough Linux OS to run a mostly-static binary. There are other flavors of distroless for popular languages.
Docker is what generally mean when they say “containers”. It allows you to run Docker Images on a host operating system. Containers provide a thin layer of isolation between the host and the application that makes it think it is running in its environment.
You give Kubernetes a bunch of servers to run and it’ll figure out how where to run them based on available resources. The machines can be different shapes and sizes. You can declare how much CPU and RAM a container may consume before it’s throttled or killed respectively.
Kubernetes also provides a configurable private network that by default servers cannot communicate outside the network. It’s possible to open up ports through Service definitions.
Lastly, it provides configuration management including secrets (like passwords and auth tokens) and auto-healing (service health monitoring and restart).
Open Match uses Kubernetes to schedule and runs its services. It also uses secrets to hold TLS certificates and Redis passwords.
Helm See in Action
Helm is the Kubernetes package manager. It allows you to create
Kubernetes deployments as templates and parameters. Helm deployments are called charts.
For example, you can create an Open Match deployment that has 50 frontend servers via
Open Match uses Helm to simplify its Kubernetes deployment. By default, the Helm chart deploys Redis, Open Match, Prometheus, and Grafana.
Helm is not required for Open Match.
Terraform provides a way to express your infrastructure-as-code. In other words, you can write a template that says “give me 20 machines each with 4 vCPUs and 32 GiB RAM that live in us-west1-b on the same network in GCP” and Terraform will make that happen. You can then change your configuration to have 25 machines and Terraform will add the additional 5.
Open Match does not use Terraform. We provide an example of a Terraform template that can be used to declare infrastructure you’d need to run it.
Terraform is not required for Open Match.
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Last modified September 8, 2023